Transportation Sector

Introduction

Population growth and other factors, such as the geographical nature and the spacing of population clusters in the Kingdom, contributed to the increased demand for transportation in general, and land transportation in particular, as 2017 statistics indicate that the size of the vehicle fleet exceeds (13,000,000) thirteen million vehicles.

Light vehicles represent more than (80%) of the total size of vehicle fleet in the Kingdom, of which about (2.9) two million nine hundred thousand vehicles have a life span of more than (20) twenty year. This mainly contributed to increase the rate of the transportation sector consumption about (20%) twenty-one percent of the total energy consumption in the Kingdom, according to 2017 data

The fleet of vehicles is expected to keep its growth during the coming years, to reach by the year 2030 about (24) twenty-four million vehicles, and to increase its daily average consumption of gasoline and diesel to the double approximately if no measures are taken to reduce consumption.

The secondary programs that have been implemented to improve the fuel economy of imported light vehicles included the following:

  • Issuing the vehicle energy efficiency card (VEEC) in December 2013 and applying its first phase in August 2014, and its second phase in June 2018.
  • Issuing a standard specification regarding the requirements for anti-rotation and adhesion on wet surfaces, for tires in April 2014, and applying its first phase in November 2015 and its second phase in November 2019.
  • Issuing "The Saudi Arabia Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for Light Vehicles" in 2014 and applying its first phase to all imported light vehicles as of January 2016, and its second phase in January 2021.

The Saudi Arabia Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for Light Vehicles aims at improving the rate of vehicle fuel economy in the Kingdom by about (3.5%) three and a half percent annually. It also aims at increasing it from (12.5) twelve and a half kilometers per liter of fuel in 2015, to more than (19) (Nineteen kilometers per liter of fuel, by 2025.

Upon preparing the standard in July 2012, the nature of supply and demand for vehicles in the Kingdom, and ongoing communication with global auto manufacturers have been considered by submitting reports on the economy of their vehicle fuel, and taking their observations and proposals, into consideration about the ongoing improvement in the standard level. This has been done while maintaining neutrality, fair competition, and variety of vehicle options available to consumers.

The preparation of the standard led to the approval and commitment of (78) seventy-eight companies representing a source of more than (99) ninety-nine percent of vehicle sales in the Kingdom by applying the Saudi Arabia Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for Light Vehicles.

To ensure the application of the standard, an action eco-system has been prepared including four government agencies to bear the responsibility for monitoring the application of the standard, the compliance of global auto manufacturers with the requirements of the standard, and follow-up the improved rate of vehicle fuel economy in the Kingdom. These entities include the Ministry of Commerce and Investment, the Saudi Standards, Metrology and Quality Organization, the Saudi Customs, and the Saudi Energy Efficiency Center.

Reasons beyond the low level of energy efficiency:

Since 2012, there were an ingoing cooperation with all concerned authorities to identify the reasons for the increased energy consumption in the road transportation sector. This showed that the low average of vehicle fuel economy is the main reason thereof. As the average fuel economy of new light vehicles in the Kingdom is approximately 12.5 kilometers per liter of fuel during 2015, compared to 15.6 kilometers per liter of fuel in the USA, 15 kilometers per liter of fuel in China, and 19.5 kilometers per Liters of fuel in Europe. The SEEP team has cooperated with international, governmental and non-governmental consultants to prepare secondary programs in the view of improving the fuel economy of existing and imported vehicles, whether light or heavy.


Rationalization of energy consumption in transportation sector

  • Select the vehicle with the least fuel consuming by reviewing the fuel economy card labeled to new vehicles.
  • Avoid sudden and repeated acceleration and deceleration while driving.
  • Use the cruise control on highways.
  • Avoid warming-up the vehicle’s engine for more than 30 seconds, as the vehicle can warm up after running through acceleration in a balanced and gradual manner.
  • Carry out the periodic maintenance of the vehicle helps to maintain safety and extend the life of the vehicle, in addition to maintaining fuel consumption.
  • Use the engine oil type (symbol) recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
  • Keep tire air pressure as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
  • Keeping the weight and periodic maintenance of the arms increases the life of the tire, and contributes to reducing the fuel consumption of the vehicle.